Endourology refers to a specific area in urology in which small intestine endoscopes and instrumentation are used to see into the urinary tract and perform surgery. It can be used to locate and remove small kidney stones. Stones may be fragmented using tiny instruments inserted into the body through such as the urethra, bladder, ureter, and kidney.
Track 4-1.Kidney stone
Track 4-2.Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Track 4-4.Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy