The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Excessive minerals accumulate to form stones in the inner lining of the Kidney which are known as Kidney stones. They usually consist of but may be composed of several other compounds. Kidney stones can grow to the size of a golf ball while maintaining a sharp, crystalline structure. The stones may be small and pass unnoticed through the urinary tract, but they can also cause extreme pain as they leave the body. Kidney stones are very commonly found in Americans. Minimally invasive treatments are found effective for Kidney stones. All the factors can be discussed in this session.
- Track 1-1Diet for kidney stone prevention
- Track 1-2Urinary Tract
- Track 1-3 Symptoms of Kidney Stones
- Track 1-4 Causes and Risk Factors
- Track 1-5Kidney stone medicine
This session is devoted to discussing a condition of the bladder, because of which one is unable to start urination, or if started is unable to completely empty the bladder. Urinary retention is more common in men than women. Treatment differs for acute and chronic urinary retention. Some of the most common causes of non-obstructive urinary retention are: Stroke, Vaginal childbirth, Pelvic injury or trauma, Impaired muscle or nerve function due to medication or anaesthesia, Accidents that injure the brain or spinal cord. Obstructive retention may result from: Cancer, Kidney or bladder stones, Enlarged prostate (BPH) in men
- Track 2-1 Processing of Urinary Tract
- Track 2-2. Causes of Urinary Retention
- Track 2-3Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Track 2-4Urethral stricture
- Track 2-5Weakened Bladder Muscles
Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a type of sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity. The causes are Kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, neurological problems such as prostatectomy, hypogonadism, and drug side effects. Diagnosis includes Duplex ultrasound, Penile nerves function, Nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT), Penile biothesiometry, Dynamic infusion cavernosometry (DICC), Corpus cavernosometry, Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
- Track 3-1. Penile nerves function
- Track 3-2Penile biothesiometry
- Track 3-3Harmacological therapy with a PDE5 inhibitor
- Track 3-4Reflex erection and psychogenic erection
- Track 3-5Diagnosis of hypogonadism
Unnatural spotting of blood in urine is known as Haematuria. The RBCs in urine in men and during non-menstrual period in women is caused by several factors. The presence of 10 or more RBCs per high-power field is abnormal. The causes of haematuria are broad, ranging from chronic bladder inflammation, and occupational exposures (to aromatic amines and aniline dyes) to to . Visible or gross haematuria causes brown or red discoloration of the urine that is visible to the naked eye. It can be painful or painless. The most worrisome cause of painless, visible blood in the urine is or , especially in a person with risk factors such as male sex, age over 35, history of smoking, family history of a malignancy,
- Track 4-1Urinary bladder hernia
- Track 4-2Hematuria in Children
- Track 4-3Imaging of Hematuria
- Track 4-4 Microscopic Hematuria in Adults
- Track 4-5Therapeutic Advances in Hematuria
Interstitial Cystitis (IC) is a condition with a severely painful bladder. It is hence termed as ‘Painful bladder Syndrome’. In IC, the storage organ of the urine sends mixed up signals to brain which leads to frequent urination. People with interstitial cystitis (IC) have discomfort, pressure, tenderness, or pain in the bladder, lower abdomen, and pelvic area. Interstitial cystitis signs and symptoms include: Pain in your pelvis or between the vagina and anus in women, between the scrotum and anus in men (perineum), Chronic pelvic pain, A persistent, urgent need to urinate, Frequent urination, Pain or discomfort while the bladder fills and relief after urinating and Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Track 5-1Interstitial Cystitis Medication
- Track 5-2Interstitial Cystitis Blood in Urine
- Track 5-3Interstitial Cystitis Diet
- Track 5-4Symptoms of Interstitial Cystitis
- Track 5-5Diagnosis and Treatment of Interstitial Cystitis
A kidney stone or a tumour may block urine flow and cause pain. Under such times, urinary tract imaging helps the doctors to diagnose the disease. Here we are to discuss the imaging of the two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder, and a urethra which comprises of the Urinary Tract. Interstitial cystitis (IC) may be treated with lifestyle changes, bladder training, physical therapy, medicines, bladder hydrodistension, bladder instillation, surgery, or a combination of these treatments.
- Track 6-1Renal Health
- Track 6-2End-stage renal disease
- Track 6-3Current research on Renal Disease
- Track 6-4Recent advances in Urology
- Track 6-5Imaging of the Urinary Tract
Overactive Bladder (OAB) is not a disease. It is a condition which urges the person to urinate. Technically, the person loses control over his bladder which leads to involuntary loss of urine. Overactive bladder is also termed as urinary incontinence. Treatment choices for OAB include: , , etc. Menopause causes a sudden drop in the level of estrogen in a woman's body. Lower estrogen levels can cause your bladder and urethra muscles to weaken. This can lead to sudden urges to urinate and urine leakage, a condition known as urge incontinence.
- Track 7-1Urinary Bladder
- Track 7-2Bladder Prolapse
- Track 7-3Immunotherapy in Urothelial Carcinomas
- Track 7-4Bladder Cancer Diagnosis
- Track 7-5Incontinence of Overactive Bladder
Dialysis is a treatment that channels and refines the blood utilizing a machine. This helps keep your liquids and electrolytes in parity when the kidneys can't carry out their responsibility. Dialysis choices incorporate peritoneal dialysis and haemodialysis. Haemodialysis is the most widely recognized sort of dialysis. This procedure utilizes a counterfeit kidney (hemodialyzer) to expel waste and additional liquid from the blood. The blood is expelled from the body and separated through the fake kidney. The separated blood is then come back to the body with the assistance of a dialysis machine.
• Peritoneal dialysis includes medical procedure to embed a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter into your stomach area. The catheter helps channel your blood through the peritoneum, a layer in your mid-region. Amid treatment, an exceptional liquid called dialysate streams into the peritoneum. The dialysate retains squander. Once the dialysate coaxes squander out of the circulation system, it's depleted from your stomach area.
• A kidney transplant is a surgery to put a solid kidney from a live or expired benefactor into an individual whose kidneys never again work legitimately. A kidney transplant is regularly the treatment of decision for kidney disappointment contrasted with a lifetime on dialysis. A kidney transplant can treat endless kidney infection with glomerular filtration rate not exactly or equivalent to 20 ml/min and end-organize renal sickness.
- Track 8-1Kidney transplant
- Track 8-2 Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer
- Track 8-3Hemodialysis
- Track 8-4Laparoscopic partial Rental Care
- Track 8-5Peritoneal dialysis
Urology is otherwise called genitourinary medical procedure, is the part of drug that centers around careful and therapeutic ailments of the male and female urinary-tract framework and the male regenerative organs. Organs under the space of urology incorporate the kidneys, adrenal organs, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male conceptive organs (testicles, epididymis, vas deferens, original vesicles, prostate, and penis). The Sub Speciality parts of Urology are Pediatric Urology, Urologic Oncology (urologic diseases), Renal (kidney) Transplant, Male Infertility, Calculi (urinary tract stones), Female Urology and Neurourology
- Track 9-1Current opinion in Urology
- Track 9-2Abdominal Imaging
- Track 9-3Urologic laparoscopy and robotics
- Track 9-4Cardio Renal Medicine
- Track 9-5Advances in Urology
Tumours or cancer developed in the bladder, kidney, prostate and testicles of men and women are termed as Urologic Cancers. Study and treatment of such cancers are termed as Urologic Oncology. Urologic oncologists specialize in treating cancer of the urinary tract and male reproductive organs. Risk factors include tobacco smoking and occupational exposure to carcinogens. Urologic oncology concerns the surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases such as cancer of the prostate, adrenal glands, bladder, kidneys, ureters, testicles, and penis, as well as the skin and subcutaneous tissue and muscle and fascia of those areas.
- Track 10-1Renal cancer
- Track 10-2Urothelial Carcinoma
- Track 10-3Urinary Tract Infections
- Track 10-4Urogynecology
- Track 10-5Reconstructive Urology
A slow progressing form of cancer in men is the Prostate cancer. It is when a tumour develops in the Prostate gland of men. With most causes unknown, Prostate cancer risk increases with age and family history of Prostate cancer. Prostate cancer that's more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as: Trouble urinating, Decreased force in the stream of urine, Blood in semen, Discomfort in the pelvic area, Bone pain, Erectile dysfunction etc. The PSA blood test checks the amount of prostate-specific antigen that’s in your blood. If the levels are high, this could mean you have prostate cancer.
- Track 11-1Prostate enlargement
- Track 11-2Degarelix
- Track 11-3Docetaxel Drug
- Track 11-4Cabazitaxel Chemotherapy Drug
- Track 11-5Causes of Prostate Cancer
- Track 11-6Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer
Kidney forms the urine which is stored in the bladder. Abnormal growth of cells in the bladder leads to formation of tumour which is termed as Bladder Cancer. This session is dedicated to discussing the unknown causes of Bladder cancer and to enhance knowledge. The Causes of bladder cancer include: Smoking and other tobacco use, Exposure to chemicals, Past radiation exposure, Chronic irritation of the lining of the bladder and Parasitic infections. Bladder cancer treatment may include: Surgery, to remove cancerous tissue. Chemotherapy in the bladder (intravesical chemotherapy), to treat tumours that are confined to the lining of the bladder but have a high risk of recurrence or progression to a higher stage.
- Track 12-1Bladder hernia
- Track 12-2Acute Bladder Inflammation
- Track 12-3Etiology of Bladder Cancer
- Track 12-4Prevention of Bladder Cancer
- Track 12-5Treatment and Diagnosis of Acute Bladder pain
This session is to discuss the protein made by prostate cells which are termed as Prostate specific antigen. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), also known as gamma-seminoprotein or kallikrein-3, is a enzyme encoded in humans by the KLK3 . PSA is a member of the -related family and is secreted by the of the gland. Both cancerous as well as normal prostate cells are known to make the PSA. Increased level of PSA in men can indicate prostate cancer.
- Track 13-1Prostate cancer
- Track 13-2Prostate cancer screening test
- Track 13-3Elevated PSA level
- Track 13-4Prostate Specific Antigen Test
Renal health is essential for the human body to function properly. Removal of wastes from the body is done by the renal system, without which other body functions gets affected. Treatment options vary, depending on the cause. But kidney damage can continue to worsen even when an underlying condition, such as high blood pressure, has been controlled. Treatments may include: Medications to High blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, treat anaemia etc. Treatment for end-stage kidney disease includes Dialysis and Kidney transplantation.
- Track 14-1Advanced Kidney disease
- Track 14-2Long-term dialysis
- Track 14-3Kidney Disorders and Clinical Practices
- Track 14-4Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis
- Track 14-5Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal hypertension, likewise called renovascular hypertension, is lifted pulse brought about by kidney malady. Renal hypertension is brought about by a narrowing in the corridors that convey blood to the kidney. It can for the most part be constrained by circulatory strain drugs. Indications of renovascular hypertension incorporates High circulatory strain (early age), Kidney brokenness, Narrowing of corridors somewhere else in the body, Pulmonary edema.
- Track 15-1Acute Kidney injury
- Track 15-2Renovascular hypertension
- Track 15-3Hypertensive Urological Disease
- Track 15-4Renal Hypertension causes and Treatment
- Track 15-5 Retrograde intrarenal surgery
This session deals with the recent advancements, discoveries, difficulties and prospects of Neonatal urology, i.e. the disorders of new-born’s genitourinary systems. Some of the problems they deal with are: Bladder control problems such as bedwetting and daytime urinary incontinence, Undescended testes (cryptorchidism), Hypospadias, Epispadias, Urolithiasis (bladder and kidney stones), Chordee, Phimosis, Urinary obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux, Neurogenic bladder (e.g., associated with spina bifida), Antenatal hydronephrosis, Tumours and cancers of the kidneys, Repair of genitourinary trauma, Genitourinary malformations and birth defects such as Prune belly syndrome, Cloacal exstrophy, bladder exstrophy, epispadias and Ambiguous genitalia and intersex conditions
- Track 16-1Neonatal Oncology
- Track 16-2Neonatal Syndromes
- Track 16-3Neonatal Radiology
- Track 16-4Neonatal Vaccines
- Track 16-5Neonatal Intensive care
Nephrology engage in diagnosing and treating various kidney diseases and conditions. It additionally concerned in treating the excretory organ connected alternative organ diseases, like cardiovascular diseases. Nephrology specialty uses the advanced technology in treating and diagnosis the excretory organ diseases beneath science lab conditions. It involves study of excretory organ, its perform, diseases, diagnosis method, and treatment for various diseases in adults. Nephrology specialty principally involved regarding diseases in adults, and old people. Cystectomy is the surgical procedure to remove urinary bladder or to remove abnormal cyst. Recent advance in Nephrology specialty is Warfarin-related nephrosis that involves treating nephritic complications with anti coagulating agents.
- Track 17-1Ureteroscopy
- Track 17-2Cystectomy
- Track 17-3Urostomy
- Track 17-4Renal Pathology
- Track 17-5Renal Immunology
- Track 17-6Endocrine Functions of kidney
- Track 17-7Hormones on kidney
The world of medicine keeps changing. New diseases erupt every day. It is essential to keep in pace with the recent advancements. Hence this session is dedicated to discussing and debate the recent advancements in the field of Urology.
- Track 18-1CT Pyelogram
- Track 18-2Laproscopy
- Track 18-3Arabic Medical and Surgical Techniques
- Track 18-4Urinary Retention
- Track 18-5Diagnosis and management of Urology