The Kidney

The kidneys in the urinary system are essential organs. They work to pump blood and to help stabilise blood pressure. When the kidneys filter blood, urine is the result of the process of filtration. Individuals are born with a pair of kidneys that are on the right and left side of the body in the upper part of the abdominal cavity. The kidneys have an upper adrenal gland and a lower ureter. The ureters are used to transfer urine to the bladder from the kidneys to expel it from the body. About one quarter of the overall blood volume of an individual circulates through the kidneys at any given time. A nephrologist or urologist would be consulted if the kidneys do not function correctly.

Visual Guide to Kidney Cancer

  • Track 1-1 Polycystic kidney disease
  • Track 2-2 Kidney transplantation
  • Track 3-3 Haemodialysis

Related Conference of Nephrology